First, reduce the risk of becoming ill by changing lifestyle habits and then subject to regular checks. Even 85 percent of patients with cancer detected at an early stage survive for another five years

Visit your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms that last longer than two weeks:

– Changes in the stool, such as sudden clogging or diarrhea without any obvious cause
–  Very dark, mahogany red or light-colored blood in or in the stool
– Permanent abdominal discomfort
-Unusual “thin” stool.
–  An urgent, painful feeling that you need to empty your bowls
–  A feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestine after leaving the toilet
– Inexplicable loss of body weight, anemia or fatigue

Some of the aforementioned warning signs may point to other illnesses, or they do not have to mean anything serious, but only the doctor can tell it.

How to reduce the risk of illness?

– Reduce fat intake into your body. Of the total amount of calories received daily, let fat drops 25 percent or less of it.
– Reduce the intake of red meat. Replace it with poultry (without skin) and fish.
– Eat at least twice a day fruits and three to four times vegetables.
– Every day, you should consume foods rich in fiber components (e.g. whole grain bread, etc.).
– Regularly eat vegetables such as cabbage, shrimp, cauliflower.
– Incorporate regular meals rich in calcium (salad, legumes, beans, peas).
– Switch to dairy products that do not contain the fat or contain little, but at the same time are rich in calcium.
– Walk around half an hour a day.
If you have excessive body weight, lower it up to five pounds of your ideal weight.
– If you are over the age of 40, visit your doctor regularly for early detection of the disease.

Regular checkups – the best prevention

After you reduce the risk of colon cancer through changing lifestyle habits, the next most important measure you can undertake is to undergo regular controls as you become older. As many as 85 percents of cancer patients whose cancer has been observed in their early stages survive the already known period of five years. However, this percentage falls to 55 when a cancer has already begun to spread. This is a very good reason to go to regular controls.

In addition, there is another good reason: controls can also detect polyps (tumor-like growths) on the inner colon of the colon. Many polyps are benign. Some, known as adenomatous polyps, may turn into malicious after they grow to a certain size. This process lasts for at least five years. Since today’s search methods can detect polyps long before these changes, doctors have great chances of stomach colon cancer before it even occurs.

Who should be subjected to an examination of colon cancer? Anyone who has a high risk and that means every one of us, sooner or later. Nevertheless, the main risk groups are:

– People over the age of 40. It’s a time when some people start getting polyps, though the actual cases of cancer are rare. After 50 years of age, it is recommended to tighten access control, because 93 percent of all cases of colon cancer appear in people who passed that age.
– People with family history of colon cancer. If someone close to the family has the disease (parent, brother or sister, aunt, uncle, grandfather or grandmother), your risk increases three to four times: in people with chronic ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. Cancer risk is especially high if these diseases develop during childhood if they last for more than ten years or affect the entire colon. Depending on the severity of these illnesses, the risk in these patients is five to eleven times greater than that of healthy people.
– People with previously diagnosed polyps or colon cancer. They should be regularly controlled for possible recurrence of these diseases.

 

Source: http://www.dnevno.hr/zdravlje/ne-zanemarujete-signale-za-rak-debeloga-crijeva-1025073/